Maria Rosalia Rita de Castro (1837 – 1885) was a great Galician poet and romanticist writer. She began writing in the Galician language soon after the Seculos Escuros or Dark Centuries. She was recognized as the prominent figure of the Rexurdimento or Renaissance, a Galician Romantic Movement, along with Eduardo Pondal and Manuel Curros Enruquez.
Her poetry is widely recognized for using saudade style or an ineffable combination of melancholy, longing and nostalgia. Her husband was Manuel Murguia, who is also a well known journalist, historian, and academian, editor of Rosalia’s book and a member of Galician Academy.